Demographic Distribution of Oculoplastic Disorders in Port Harcourt Nigeria

Main Article Content

C. S. Ejimadu
N. E. Chinawa
B. Theophilus

Abstract

Aim: To find the age and gender variation in oculoplastic-related disorders in Port Harcourt.

Methods: This study was a hospital-based retrospective study involving retrieval of records of all oculoplastic disorders University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), Nigeria. The various ocular disorders in the hospital are routinely entered into an Ophthalmology register from where the data were extracted. Data analysis was performed using United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Epi-Info version 7 software.

Results: The commonest case was Chalazion (32%) followed by Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia (8.9%), Thyroid Eye Disease, Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction both contributing 5.7% each. There were 49 (39.8%) males and 74 (60.2%) females. The male to female ratio was 2:3.The commonest affected age group was 21-30 years (33.3%),followed by 31-40 years(15.5%).The least affected age group were those that were above 70 years which constituted 2.4%.

Conclusion: Female gender and the age group of 21-30 were seen more with oculoplastic conditions probably due to the more sensitivity of females and also of these young adults to cosmetic blemishes posed oculoplastic related cases.

Keywords:
Demography, oculoplastic disorders, Port Harcourt.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ejimadu, C. S., Chinawa, N. E., & Theophilus, B. (2019). Demographic Distribution of Oculoplastic Disorders in Port Harcourt Nigeria. Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal, 11(2), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.9734/or/2019/v11i230123
Section
Original Research Article

References

Balogun BG, Adekoya BJ, Balogun MM, Ehikhamen OA. Orbito-Oculoplastic diseases in Lagos: A 4-year prospective study. Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology. 2014;21:22-24.

Anunobi CC, Akinsola FB, Abdulkareem FB, Aribaba OT, Nnoli MA, et al. Orbito-ocular lesions in Lagos. Niger Postgrad Med J. 15:146-51.

Bekibele CO, Oluwasola AO. A clinicopathological study of orbito-ocular diseases in Ibadan between1991-1999. Afr J Med Sci. 2003;32:197-202.

Khan AA, Suhail S, Ayaz AS, Munib RUr, Asad U, et al. Analysis of 1246 cases of orbital lesions: A study of 17 Years. Natural Science. 2015;7:324-337.

Assavedo CRA, Amadou AB, Monteiro S, Kinkpe E, Sounouvou I, et al. Epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of orbital diseases in Ophthalmologic Hospital of Saint André de Tinré (OHSAT), in Benin Republic. J Med Surg Pathol. 2016;1:134.

Kaya GG, Makita B, Peko JF, Silou JF, Manvouri L, et al. Profil des affections orbitaires au Centre hospitalier et Universitaire de Brazzaville, Congo. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2006;29:281-288.