Distribution of Ocular Disorders in Communities Affected by Crude Oil-spillage in Rivers State

Main Article Content

E. A. Awoyesuku
N. E. Chinawa
S. C. Ejimadu

Abstract

Objective: To assess the ocular disorders prevalent in communities affected by crude oil-spillage in Rivers State.

Methods: A cross sectional study involving participants at a one day free eye screening event in Ogu Bolo Local Government area of Rivers State. Participants had comprehensive ocular examination, a pen torch examination of the anterior segment and a direct fundoscopy using the Welch Alllyn Ophthalmoscope, Tonometry was done using the Keeler Pulse air tonometer and those with minor ocular pathologies were treated on site while more chronic disease were referred to a private Ophthalmology group practice.

Statistical Analysis:  Data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Descriptive statistics employed mean, median, standard deviation and range values. Frequencies and proportions were used for categorical variables.

Results: The mean age was 46.76±16.03 years while the age range was 1-90 years. The male to female ratio was 1:1.1. About 57.9% and 57.1% of the people had visual acuity better than 6/18 in the right and left eyes respectively. About 19.7% and 20.1% had visual acuity worse than 6/36 in the right and left eyes respectively. The commonest Ocular disorder was Refractive Error (33.6%).This was followed by Presbyopia (17.8%), Cataract (15.1%), Allergic Conjunctivitis (6.5%) while Ocular albinism was least (0.2%).

Conclusion: Ocular anterior segment disorders are prevalent in communities affected by oil spillage and could be due to exposure to petroleum-related chemical irritants.

Keywords:
Anterior segment, communities, irritants, oil spillage.

Article Details

How to Cite
Awoyesuku, E. A., Chinawa, N. E., & Ejimadu, S. C. (2019). Distribution of Ocular Disorders in Communities Affected by Crude Oil-spillage in Rivers State. Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal, 11(3), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.9734/or/2019/v11i330126
Section
Original Research Article

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