Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal 2020-01-25T12:46:48+00:00 Ophthalmology Research: An international Journal Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Ophthalmology Research: An international Journal (ISSN:&nbsp;2321–7227)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/OR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Ophthalmology research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> A Sino-orbitocutaneous Fistula from Local (Native) Tonsillectomy: A Case Report 2020-01-25T12:46:47+00:00 N. E. Chinawa M. I. Inoh E. O. Edet <p><strong>Background: </strong>Orbitocutaneous fistula is a known complication of orbital exenteration. Orbitocutaneous fistula arising from a tonsillectomy are quite uncommon. Risk factors for fistula development are sinus diseases, radiotherapy, inadvertent sinus penetration during mid-face and other related surgeries.</p> <p><strong>Case Report: </strong>MS is a 16-year-old girl who presented with swelling of the right side of the face and neck of ten days duration following local tonsillectomy at home. Ocular examination findings showed lid swelling, ecchymosis, pus point in the medial third of the upper lid of the right eye which gave way and formed a sinus tract with the commencement of antibiotics.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Discussion: </strong>Although orbitosinocutaneous fistula is uncommon with tonsillectomy however fistulae may develop following poorly performed procedure by a non-professional who may tamper with the sinuses in the course of surgery. Since asepsis was not observed, there may have also been upward track of infection to the orbit.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Orbitosinocutaneous fistula could be a complication of poorly performed tonsillectomy.</p> 2020-01-23T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Amniotic Membrane Graft in Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigus: A More Conservative Approach 2020-01-25T12:46:48+00:00 Fouad Chraibi <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> To report more conservative management of ocular cicatricial pemphigus (OCP) lesions by performing an initial corneal partial amniotic membrane graft without disturbance of the inflamed conjunctiva.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A case report of a patient having a stage 3 OCP in his left eye with a corneal ulcer. He was managed by partial corneal amniotic membrane (AM) graft.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The course was favorable with complete corneal ulcer healing and incidentally there was an important regression of associated ocular surface inflammatory signs with a less prominent inferior symblepharon strand.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> We propose to manage newly diagnosed patients having advanced ocular cicatricial pemphigus disease with partial corneal amniotic membrane graft before performing radical adnexal surgery with prior immunosuppressive treatment.</p> 2020-01-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Systemic Disease Comorbidities among Ophthalmic Patients in Nigeria: Implications for Preventive Ophthalmology 2020-01-25T12:46:47+00:00 Ireju Onyinye Chukwuka Chinyere Nnenne Pedro-Egbe <p><strong>Background/Aim: </strong>Quite often patients who are refracted in our clinics have other ocular or systemic conditions that may affect the result or delay the issuance of spectacle corrections – for instance poorly controlled diabetic patients may have to wait for months to achieve better control of their condition. These associated comorbidities may require medical or surgical intervention before spectacles are ordered. The aim of this study is to determine the systemic comorbidities that exist in ophthalmic patients attending the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Eye Clinic in Port Harcourt, Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This was a descriptive cross-sectional study in which adult patients who presented in the clinic for change of glasses within the stipulated period of the study were included. They were interviewed to get the relevant information and the data retrieved for each patient included baseline information such as age, gender, unaided visual acuity, visual acuity with their last correction if any as well as co-existing ocular or systemic pathology. The collected data was subsequently analysed using Predictive Analysis Software version 20.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Sixty patients participated in study; both males and females were equally represented. Of this this number, thirty-three patients (55%) had systemic comorbidities .Hypertension was present in 43.3% (n=26) while both hypertension and diabetes mellitus occurred in 10% (n=6) of the participants. Forty percent of those with refractive error had hypertension while about 30% of those with glaucoma were both hypertensive and diabetic.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a very high level of systemic comorbidities in adult patients attending this peripheral clinic, and this is a pointer to the high prevalence of these conditions in the larger population.</p> 2020-01-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##