Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal http://journalor.com/index.php/OR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Ophthalmology Research: An international Journal (ISSN:&nbsp;2321–7227)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/OR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Ophthalmology research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal 2321-7227 Pattern of Ophthalmic Procedures Performed at a New Peripheral Eye Clinic in a Semi-urban Area in Port Harcourt, Nigeria - A 5 Year Review http://journalor.com/index.php/OR/article/view/30136 <p><strong>Aim: </strong>A number of ophthalmic procedures are essential in the management of ocular disorders and are an integral part of ophthalmic practice all over the world.&nbsp;</p> <p>As different therapeutic methods evolve, some ophthalmic procedures have become outdated and some have been modified or replaced by various forms of laser therapy, leading to an increase in uptake of ophthalmic procedures in this country. Also though our patients still prefer non-surgical therapy, when surgery is performed, the results are much improved leading to greater patient satisfaction. This is a result of the use of more sophisticated and expensive surgical equipment and better surgical techniques. The ophthalmic procedures analyzed here were carried out in a general ophthalmic clinic without any subspecialty affiliation.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This is a retrospective review of ophthalmic procedures carried out in a specialist facility over a five year period. Information on age, sex and type of ocular procedure was retrieved from case notes of patients and entered into excel sheets. Data was exported from excel sheets for statistical analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>A total of 111 patients had Ophthalmic procedures over the 5 –year period under review with a mean age of 56.7±18.5 years and age range from 7 to 89 years. Sixty-three of the patients (56.8%) were males while forty-eight (43.2%) were females (M:F = 4:3). The commonest ophthalmic procedure carried out was cataract extraction which accounted for 48.6% of cases followed by yag laser capsulotomy (19.8%) and pterygium excision (18%). No surgical or laser procedures for glaucoma were performed during this period.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Ophthalmic procedures are a very important mode of treatment of eye disorders. The most common procedure performed in our study was cataract extraction and more males than females underwent both cataract surgery and pterygium excision while more females had laser capsulotomy.</p> Ireju Onyinye Chukwuka Elizabeth Akon Awoyesuku ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-10 2020-02-10 10.9734/or/2020/v12i130136 Comparison of Conjunctival Autograft Technique Using Autologous Blood as Glue Versus Suture Technique in Pterygium Surgery http://journalor.com/index.php/OR/article/view/30137 <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To compare the post-operative inflammation, surgical time and complications in conjunctival autografting with oozed autologous blood versus sutures in primary pterygium surgery.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Prospective interventional study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> Department of Ophthalmology, CIMS, Bilaspur (C.G), India. (Jan 2017-May 2018).</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> 80 eyes of 80 patients (25 to 75 years) presented with primary pterygium up to grade 3 were included in this prospective interventional study presented in eye OPD, CIMS, Bilaspur (CG). All the procedures and post-operative evaluation was done by the same surgeon. All the patients were divided into two groups on alternate basis. 40 patients received conjunctival autografting with oozed autologous blood (CAGb) and 40 patients received sutures (CAGs). These two groups were then compared for post-operative inflammation, surgical time and complications (day 1, day 5, 2 weeks, 1 month and 3 month).</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Total 80 patients were evaluated after surgery. Progressive pterygium was observed in more than 50% cases in both groups. Post-operative inflammation and discomfort was significantly lower in CAGb group compared to CAGs group (P&lt;.001). Mean surgical time was also significantly less in CAGb group (11.6±2 min) compared to CAGs group (21.6±3min) (P&lt;.001). In CAGb group 5% patients had graft displacement while none in CAGs group. Granuloma formation was higher in CAGs group (12.5%) compared to CAGb group (7.5%). Subgraft haemorrhage was 10% in CAGb and 17.5% in CAGs group. Dellen formation was seen in 3 patients in CAGb and 4 patients in CAGs. Recurrence rate was higher in suture group (5/40 in CAGs vs 1/40 in CAGb).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Our study concludes that placement of conjunctival autograft with oozed autologous blood as adhesive after pterygium excision is an effective, less inflammatory and less time consuming approach, with significantly lower rates of post-operative complications. This can be used as a better alternative to suture technique.</p> Suchita Singh Prabha Sonwani M. Shrivastava ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-10 2020-02-10 7 14 10.9734/or/2020/v12i130137