Glaucoma (Eye Disease) and its Associated Diagnosis and Treatment Process: A Schematic Concise Review

Yash Srivastav *

Azad Institute of Pharmacy & Research, Lucknow, U.P, India.

Bushra Taj

Ashoka Institute of Technology and Management, Varanasi, U.P, India.

Jaya Singh

Tahira Institute of Medical Science, Gorakhpur, U.P, India.

Sandhya Yadav

Tahira Institute of Medical Science, Gorakhpur, U.P, India.

Mohd. Imtiyaz Ahmad

Azad Institute of Pharmacy & Research, Lucknow, U.P, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A class of eye conditions known as glaucoma can result in blindness and visual loss by harming the optic nerve, a nerve located at the back of the eye. You might not notice the symptoms at first because they can appear so slowly. A thorough dilated eye exam is the only way to determine if you have glaucoma. While there is no known cure for glaucoma, vision protection and damage can frequently be stopped with early intervention. Primary open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma, as well as secondary open and angle-closure glaucoma, are the four main types of adult glaucoma. Prescription eye drops are the most popular form of treatment for glaucoma. They function by reducing intraocular pressure and shielding your optic nerve from harm. Although these eye drops cannot reverse vision loss or treat glaucoma, they can prevent glaucoma from worsening. Prostaglandins are one type of prescription eye drop medication. By increasing the fluid's outflow from your eye, they aid in lowering intraocular pressure. Latanoprost (Xalatan), Travoprost (Travatan Z), Tafluprost (Zioptan), Bimatoprost (Lumigan), and Latanoprostene bunod (Vyzulta) are among the medications in this category. Alpha-adrenergic agonists, such as brimonidine (Altagan P) or Qoliana (Iopidine, apraclonidine) Beta-blockers such as Betimol, Istalol, Timoptic (timolol), and Betoptic (betaxolol) Inhibitors of carbonic anhydrases, such as Azopt (brinzolamide) and Trusopt (dorzolamide). In this review study, we discuss the aetiology, epidemiology, current management, and pathophysiology of glaucoma.

Keywords: Glaucoma, epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, treatments


How to Cite

Srivastav, Y., Taj, B., Singh, J., Yadav, S., & Ahmad, M. I. (2024). Glaucoma (Eye Disease) and its Associated Diagnosis and Treatment Process: A Schematic Concise Review. Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal, 19(3), 42–50. https://doi.org/10.9734/or/2024/v19i3425

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