https://journalor.com/index.php/OR/issue/feed Ophthalmology Research: An International Journal 2020-10-27T23:24:53+00:00 Ophthalmology Research: An international Journal contact@journalor.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Ophthalmology Research: An international Journal (ISSN:&nbsp;2321–7227)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/OR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Ophthalmology research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> https://journalor.com/index.php/OR/article/view/30172 Comparison of Central Corneal Thickness Measurements between Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography, Ultrasound Pachymetry and Ocular Biometry 2020-10-27T23:24:53+00:00 E. Pateras pateras@uniwa.gr A. I. Kouroupaki <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> To compare central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements and their reproducibility when taken by Ultrasound Pachymetry, Ocular Biometry and Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>Twenty-five healthy volunteers were recruited creating a sample size of 50 eyes. All subjects had pachymetric measurements by Ultrasound pachymetry (PachPen Handheld Pachymeter, Keeler Instruments Inc), Ocular biometry (IOL Master 700 Swept Source Biometry, Zeiss) and Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography (Optovue Avanti RTVue XR Angiovue). The measurements of central corneal thickness for the three devices were taken by the same examiner twice for more accuracy.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The average measurements of central corneal thickness by Ultrasound pachymetry (PachPen Handheld Pachymeter, Keeler Instruments Inc), Ocular biometry (IOL Master 700 Swept Source Biometry, Zeiss) and Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography (Optovue Avanti RTVue XR Angiovue) were 547.26 μm, 551.36 μm, and 536.42 μm, respectively. The mean standard deviation (SD) of repeated measurements by Ocular biometry was 48.87 μm, which was greater than the mean SD of 44.24 μm and 40.35 μm (P &lt; 0.001) by ultrasound pachymetry and Angiovue optical coherence tomography, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in the measurement results among the 3 methods (Ultrasound pachymetry vs. Ocular biometry P = 0.019; Ultrasound pachymetry vs. Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography; P &lt; 0.001; Ocular biometry vs. Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography P &lt; 0.001). There was a significant linear correlation between the Ultrasound pachymetry and Ocular biometry (r = 0.945, P&lt;0.001), Ultrasound pachymetry and Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography (r = 0.895, P&lt;0.001), and Ocular biometry and Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography (r = 0.902, P&lt;0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Central corneal thickness readings were comparable between PachPen Handheld Pachymeter, IOL Master 700 Biometry and Angiovue Optical Coherence Tomography; Angiovue optical coherence tomography gave significantly smaller values. The measurements of the 3 methods showed significant linear correlations with one another. All methods provided acceptable repeatability of measurements.</p> 2020-10-02T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalor.com/index.php/OR/article/view/30173 Preseptal Cellulitis: 13 Years Review in a Tertiary Hospital South-Eastern Nigeria 2020-10-27T23:24:52+00:00 Akunne I. Apakama Chukwudi C. Uzozie uzoziechuks@yahoo.com Chinasa A. Nnubia <p><strong>Objectives</strong>: To determine the epidemiology and management outcome of preseptal cellulitis seen at a tertiary eye hospital within a period of 13 years.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: The case files of all patients seen with preseptal cellulitis from 2005 to 2017 were reviewed. The information obtained included the patients’ demography, presenting symptoms and signs, research, treatment, outcome, complications and follow-up.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: Of the 123 patients with preseptal cellulitis reported on the study, 66 were males and 57 females. In a range of 0 to 80 years old, the mean age was 19 years. The commonest predisposing factor was trauma (20.3%) followed by upper respiratory tract infection (11.4%).&nbsp; Progression to orbital cellulitis was seen in 11.4% of the patients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Preseptal cellulitis is not uncommon in adults as seen in previous studies. Trauma is now more common than sinusitis as a predisposing factor. Despite oral antibiotic therapy some cases may progress to orbital cellulitis.</p> 2020-10-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##